Sida Loo Xaqiijiyo Qufulka Is-qufulka Dareewalka Tooska-Ilkaha

 Wadida garaacista nooca Gear-ka waxaa badanaa loo tixraacaa sida wadista ilka-tooska ah ee wax lagu dilo.Mabda'a gudbinta waa qalab dhimis kaas oo u kaxeeya qalabka giraanta ee taageerada wax lagu dilayo si uu ugu wareego pinion.Way fududahay in la soo gabagabeeyo mabda'a gudbinta.Ilig-toos-diriddu ma noqon karto mid is-quful ah.Haddii aad rabto inaad gaadho joogsi sax ah, waa inaad isticmaashaa aaladda bareegga si aad u xidho.
 
Kuwa soo socda ayaa ah shan hab oo loo xidho waditaanka ilka toosan:
 
1. Ilig-dilaaca toosan ee uu wado matoorka servo, iyadoo ay xaaladdu tahay inertia yar, xidhidhiyaha gear-ku wuxuu bilaabaa xidhitaanka inta badan waxa gaadha servo motor quasi-stop.Xoogga qufulka ee matoorka servo waxaa kaxeeya dhimiye meere iyo ilko toosan oo wax lagu dilo.Saamiga dhimista waa la ballaariyay, oo ugu dambeyntii ka tarjumaysa jaangooyooyinka.Xoogga ugu dambeeya ee qufulka ee leexinta ayaa weli ah mid aad u weyn, taas oo aad ugu habboon xaaladaha shaqada oo leh inertia yar.
 
Ilig-toos-wareejin wadida iyadoo la isticmaalayo matoor biyo ah.Isticmaalka, matoorka Haydarooliga waa la jabin karaa si loo gaaro qufulka wadista ilka-tooska ah.Caadi ahaan waxaa jira 3 dariiqo oo matoor-joojin ah:
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Braking with accumulator: Ku rakib kaydiyeyaasha meel u dhow meesha saliidda laga soo galo iyo meesha laga baxo matoorka hawo-mareenka si aad u gaadho bareegga laba-geesoodka ah ee matoorka Haydarooliga.

 
Barreega sida caadiga ah u xiran: Marka saliidda hydraulic ee ku jirta dhululubada biriiga ay lumiso cadaadiska, biriiga ayaa isla markiiba u dhaqmi doonta si ay u gaarto braking.
 
3. Isticmaal dariiqa wareegta toosan ee bireega matoorka, iyo biriiga disc ee mishiinka biriiga waxa lagu rakibaa daboolka dhamaadka matoorka aan soo bixin.Marka matoorka biriiga lagu xidho isha tamarta, electromagnet-ku waxa uu soo jiitaa cudud, bareega waxa laga soocaa saxanka biriiga, matoorku wuu wareegayaa.Marka matoorka barreegu uu lumiyo awoodda, koronto-magnet-ku ma soo jiidan karo cududda, oo armature-ku wuxuu la xiriiraa saxanka biriiga, matoorku isla markiiba wuu joogsadaa wareegga.Ujeedada qufulka waditaanka wareega ee ilig-toos ah waxaa lagu xaqiiqsaday sifada bareegga korantada ee mootada.
 
4. Nakhshad godadka biinanka ah ee ku yaal feerka wareegta ee wadista wareega-tooska ah.Waddada ilka-tooska ah ee u baahan in lagu xiro meel go'an, waxaan naqshadeyn karnaa godka pin-ka ee feerka wareega marka la naqshadeynayo, waxaanan u naqshadeyn karnaa qaabka Pneumatic ama habka hydraulic bolt farsamada, marka darawalka tooska ah uu wareego, boodhka farsamadu waxay soo saartaa pin-ka, iyo darawalka iligga toosan wuxuu u wareegi karaa si xor ah;Gaaritaanka booska go'an ee loo baahan yahay in la joojiyo, habka boodhka wuxuu geliyaa pin-ka godka boodhka, iyo iliga tooska ah ayaa kaxeynaya gacmo-wareejinta giraantu waxay ku xiran tahay qaabka oo aan la rogi karin.
 
5. Gear madax-bannaan oo bareegga ah oo ku socda darawalnimada.Kiisaska arjiga ee u baahan bareegga soo noqnoqda iyo xoog bareegga weyn, habka bareegga sare mar dambe ma buuxin karo shuruudaha isticmaalka.Xoogga weyn ee bareegga wuxuu keeni doonaa gears, wax yareeya, iyo matoorada.Ku guuldareysiga xiriirka ka dhexeeya labadooda waxay u horseedi doontaa dhaawac degdeg ah wax-yaraha.Taas awgeed, waditaanka ilka-tooska ah ee leh qalabka bireega ee madaxbannaan ayaa loo qaabeeyey, iyo qalab gaar ah ayaa loogu talagalay inay mas'uul ka noqdaan jabinta iligga toosan si loo gaaro biriij madax-bannaan, looga fogaado cilladda gudbinta, iyo in laga fogaado burburka dhimiye ama matoor.


Waqtiga post: Dec-01-2021

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